Pèlerinage de La Mecque
Without an exception each new Iraqi acquaintance brought up first the Palestine issue and left no doubt as to depth of his feeling. Mme hayani se site et très exceptionnel et important pour les élèves de mon age merci pour les deux prof Mme rouchdi et Mme askour veuillez accepter mes salutations distinguées. He laid siege to the city in and again from December 9th, to March 19th, , with over 10' projectiles shot into Melilla. Quel type de vaccination faire et où peut-on l'effectuer?
Abitbol, Amar et, en Israël: Quels sont les documents nécessaires pour obtenir son visa auprès du Consulat d'Arabie Saoudite? Après avoir déclaré la perte, vous devez ensuite rappeler régulièrement ADP en précisant votre numéro de dossier. Il était un rabbin et servait comme dayyan pendant plusieurs années à la Synagogues Espagnol et Portugais à Londres. The other reason was a military one.
Quand du pétrole se répand dans la mer, cela cause une marée noire qui pollue les côtes. Les oiseaux et les animaux vivant sur ces côtes sont aussi touchés. Tu es toujours la fille studieuse,assidue et ingénieuse. Tu es intelligent et doué,tu peux écrire des textes fabuleux.
Je compte sur toi. Mme hayani se site et très exceptionnel et important pour les élèves de mon age merci pour les deux prof Mme rouchdi et Mme askour veuillez accepter mes salutations distinguées. En hiver, il pleure tout le temps mais ses larmes portent le bonneur pour les campagnards….. Au printemps, il sourit au fleurs, aux arbres, au gens pour faire leur promenade… leur pique-nique.
A toi ma grande mère, toi qui est toujours près de moi, toi qui me surveille ainsi que les enfants, ne nous abandonne jamais.
Je revois ton visage, tu étais très belle, élégante, mince et très grande. Tu avais des beaux yeux bleus-verts avec des cheveux très longs, tu étais très belle, tu me manques ma grande mère, tu étais appréciée de tous le monde, car tu avais la grâce de te faire aimer. Nous devrions agir très vite pour arrêter ces massacres. Il est très nécessaire aussi de prévoir les panneaux de signalisation et les indications routières afin de faciliter la circulation.
On ne peut pas seulement blâmer les responsables pour cela, mais nous blâmer aussi: On doit sanctionner tous ceux qui mettent la vie des autres en danger. La musique est un art qui consiste à rassembler les sons de manière harmonieuse. Quant à moi,la musique fait parie de ma vie,je ne peux ni manger,ni travailler, ni dormir sans entendre un morcaeu de musique.
Ma mère est la personne la plus aimable et gentille dans la famille. Elle a étudié le primaire et le collège dans sa ville natale puis sa famille a déménagé a béni Mellal où elle a poursuivis ses études. Elle a eu son bac en Quand tu es loin de moi, je viens vers toi, grâce à ce blog. Dans ma vie, tu seras toujours ma belle prof de français. Je préfère voyager avec mes parents, parce que je trouve le bonheur avec eux et je me sens encore une très petite fille.
Et le jour où je devrais voyager sans mes parents, je me sentirais seule au monde. Ecouter sa chanson favorite à la radio. Réussir son dernir examin.
Rire de soi même. Passer un bon moment avec ses amis. Certaines personnes pensent que cet art est une perte de temps. Elle ne constitue pas un véritable handicape pour certain gens. Les timides réussissent en général leur vie car elle est souvent organisée de manière à éviter les situations embarrassantes. Soyez au rendez-vous, munis de vos bagages linguistiques et rédactionnels…! Pour améliorer vos productions, consultez la rubrique: Ils acceptent les critiques et ils partagent les opinions avec leurs enfants.
Bravo pour les gagnants et soyez au rendez-vous ce mercredi pour le prochain tour, et ce à partir de 17 heures chez Mme Rouchdi. Elle enhibe leur personnalité,ils aiment plusieurs styles de musique mais les gouts diffèrent de l un à l autre. Ils ne trouvent pas le temps pour se reposer ou pour se distraire. Ils ne sont jamais tranquilles. Mais ma pensée va surtout vers les autres,ils ne sont pas des perdants. Bravo mehdi,omar et moncef!
Voilà des garçons qui font la fierté du collège! Vous êtes les meilleurs mais pour le rester,il faut persévérer. Donc on est tous des gagnants. Je suis certaine que tu pourras écrire de bons textes si tu persistes. Pour moi tu es gagnante puisque tu as participé à ce concours. Ok Yasmine tu auras ta chance ce prochain mercredi. Je ne veux pas que tu me déçoives. La liberté incontrôlée peut contrarier les principes religieux, moraux, sociaux. Je souhaite également plein succès et de chance aux participants.
Je tiens également à renouveler mes Merci pour le grand professeur Rouchdi et Mme El hayani et aussi Mme Askour bonne continuation. Elle est accompagnée de musique. Elle peut être avec ou sans paroles. Tu sais Taoufik, ces deux mots sont polysémiques ils admettent plusieurs sens. Pour compléter ces informations, je te réfère au dictionnaire.
Et ce, en raison de la réunion des profs. Bonsoir Hafsa, bienvenue sur ce blog, tu peux y déposer tes commentaires dans chacune de ses pages en donnant ton avis sur leurs contenus. Avec ce petit geste, nous allons produire un environement propre. Il faut encourager les jeunnes a exercer le sport pendant leurs temps libre , aussi on doit créer des terrains sportifs pour faciliter leur intégration. Et toi Salwa tu vas bien?
Sois forte et optimiste! En attendant lundi; prépare-toi bien pour le concours! Je vous le jure que je serai toujours présente dans votre charmant blog et je vous souhaite bonne continuation. Bonne chance à tous les candidats!!! Chapeau bas à tous nos élèves qui ont participé et gagné au concours. Votre participation fait preuve de votre volonté de briller et de réussir. Je tiens à féliciter Jihane et Hind.
Avis aux autres élèves: La discussion est un moyen de communication. On la pratique quotidiennement avec notre entourage scolaire,familliale,et social,à savoir les parents,les profs,et les amis.
Srtout avec les plus compréhensifs et les plus respectueux. On discute dans la vie quotidienne sur des sujets différents comme: Certains cherchent à discuter pour pratiquer une langue étrangère ou pour rester en ligne avec les nauveautés du monde.
Pouvons-nous participer à la compétition, nous les 2éme et Je veux renouveler mes merci. Je suis très fier parce que nous avons des professeurs merveilleux qui ont mis en place ce site plein de renseignements précieux. Bravo pour les gagnants! Alors,mes sincères félicitations à tous les participants et bonne continuation. Votre élimination,Omar et Taoufik, ne prouve pas que votre niveau est bas. Au contraire,vous êtes aussi compétents que les gagnants.
La finale aura lieu le 7 de ce mois. Mais on ne se demande jamais où il passe la nuit, où il fait ses besoins sanitaires vitaux. Nous les rencontrons souvent. Leur état pitoyable les fait distinguer parmi les autres. Ils sont habillés de vêtements délavés et sales, ils ont les cheveux ébouriffés le visage pâle et brûlé par le soleil. Parfois on les voit ici et là, errer dans les rues et taper les portes des maisons.
Mais quand la nuit tombe et que même les oiseaux rejoignent leurs nids, et les chiens rentrent dans leurs niches, eux ces quelques humains les plus malheureux du monde qui sont sans abri, où vont-ils? Ne restons pas les bras croisés!
Ça donne à réfléchir sur les solutions créatives et immédiates pour venir en aide et répondre aux besoins de cette catégorie de citoyens. Je compte sur toi Moncef ce vendredi. Voici quelques conseils pour la rédaction: Alors,rédige clairement et prends soin de ton style et de ton écriture: Mes encouragements,la concurrence est forte.
Et cette responsabilité revient aux parents et aux professeurs. Il faut aussi que les parents contrôlent quotidiennement leurs enfants. Le chat qui voyageait seul. Un jour,un chat monta le train Nice-Paris. On a vu souvent des chats dans trains,enfermés dans leur panier ou dans une boite percée de quelques trous pour leur permettre de respirer. On a meme vu des chats perdus, chasser les souris dans des wagons abondonnés.
Je souhaite bonne chance à tous les candidats. Moncef ne stresse pas! Je tiens à renouveler mon Merci à tous les professeurs de la langue française Et je tiens à demander au professeur Bekri quand il annoncera les résultats des gagnants. Bravo à tous nos élèves qui ont participé au concours. Comme a dit Madame Rochdi: Nous avons vécu des moments très forts élèves, profs et administrateurs.
Vous êtes tous des gagnants. Thank you so much sweetheart I love you too. I need to know who are you!!!! Hello my beautiful professor ilham. I want to express my admiration for you but I could not find the right words to express what I feel to you. Bravo mes élèves ,vous ne trouverez certainement aucun problème en production écrite les années à venir. Je tiens à féliciter tous les lauréats: Jihane,Imane ,Moncef et Ihssane.
Wissal,tu es brillante et travailleuse. Tu as un bon niveau. Pour nous,tous les participants sont des gagnants. Bravo à vous tous! Ses yeux expriment son intelligence et sa gentillesse. Ses vêtements montrent sa beauté, son élégance et sa sagesse. Son sourire désigne sa politesse et sa douceur. Les traits de son visage traduisent son charme et sa tendresse. Sa taille reflète sa souplesse et son dynamisme. Ses trait de visage marquent sa beauté et son charme. Merci tout de meme et à bientot l l l.
Pour nous, vous êtes tous gagnants. Continuez à envoyer vos écrits,on est là pour vous! Sans aucun doute ce blog est un espace de partage et de communication pour tous ceux qui le souhaitent. Vous y êtes les bienvenus. Miss ilham krifa is here oh my god ilove you so much Miss krifa thank you for everything. Bonjour Mme Fatiha et Miss ilham. Je te félicite Zineb pour ton travail,ton sérieux,ton assiduité et ton esprit sportif. Tu as tout à fait raison: A ce propos, je tiens à féliciter tes parents.
Une veine de les avoir! Je ne sais pas comment vous remercier et je vais pas oublier ce grand cadeau le reste de ma vie. La grand-mère du petit chaperon rouge est malade depuis plusieurs jours. Voici ce que le Petit chaperon rouge doit faire pour obéir à sa maman. Soudain , le courant était de retour. Merci mme Askour, vraiment vous etes une femme genereuse. Bonjour mme Askour comment vas-tu? Et mon père, mon pauvre père. Maman, ma douce maman si tu savais comme les larmes restent étouffées Quand on arrive pas à les raconter!
La lecture c est quelque chose de très important dans notre vie. Elle nous aide a enrichir notre expression et nos conaissances. Il a tout son temps de moins ne sera-t-il pas dérangé de si tôt.
Il se léve et se met à errer dans la vaste appartement. Ses pas le ramènent vers la piéce dont la porte est toujours close. Il pose sa main sur le loquet et la retire aussitôt. Son sang se fige dans ses veines. Il ne peut plus supporter cet horrible spectacle. La porte était ouverte, la chambre était sombre et déserte. Il a décidé de découvrir le contenu de cette mystérieuse chambre.
Il est retourné vers sa chambre à toutes jambes pour chercher la pille de poche. Il y avait des images et des photos très anciennes mais magnifiques. Occasion de la dernière année scolaire, je tiens à remercier tous les enseignants qui ont fait et vu de la réalisation de leurs devoirs envers nous, surtout en particulier le professeur Saadi.
Salut a tous le monde. Moi je ne les connais pas et je ne les vois pas: Adolph von Conring Berlin, , in: He had died in A.
In order to commemorate his brother Sharif Sidi Muhammad III dedicated the inscription in his and his brother's name and title. Besides, in Arabic - the term " servant " is only referring, or is to be translated as: Hans Peter Schaefer, Köln.
La racine du mot "Laalaj". However, many of their inscriptions which included the title of: Was said by a Pharaoh about years before Moses. This article is intended as a reply to all those who call the Arabs pagans. This they neglect to do although they know before hand that it might risk to end up in a catastrophe due to provocation and lack of knowledge. One can but wonder why they let it happen anyway??????? Therefore, I urge all the Arabs - Christians, Moslems and Jews - do not let yourselves be provoked by this group's expression that your ancestors were pagans because this is simply misleading.
Please remember that Abraham, Ismail, Jesus, as well as prophet Muhammad himself peace and blessings be upon them were of Arab descent and all together condemned idol worshipping and taught us to believe in only one mighty God for all.
As of today, the oldest idol found is recorded to be from: Martin Kuckenburg, Als der Mensch zum Schöpfer wurde. An den Wurzeln der Kultur, Stuttgart, , Abb. Here we take a minute to reflect on the means, purpose and use of idols which was a common practice throughout all the world since the beginning of time and as we will see was definitely not practiced by Arabs alone. We further have ample records of various types and styles of idols which were made in different periods throughout the world.
This is why I must stop here and return to our main subject, idols of Arabia. During 's of years people were living in different regions and amongst different tribes within the vast land of the Middle East and North Africa. They were mostly nomads, constantly travelling within the vast land as herdsman, merchants or shepherds. As today, they were confronted by many economical hardships droughts and political disturbances wars between countries or tribes which as today created many Muhajir refugees.
Naturally, all these Muhajir's brought with them their old political and religious cultures when settling within new countries or tribes. This resulted in a huge mix of different people following various religious believes.
This phenomenon was especially noticeable within big cities because, some of these Muhajir's opened their own small temples, chapels, shrines etc. So, once the Quraishy trade caravan had arrived to one of these distant countries, as for example to Mesopotamia, they found themselves within a new trade possibility amongst their own - the trade of idols.
Further, in ancient times the trade of idols was heavily influenced by the believe in "protection" and "religious identity", especially since according to myths - that if an individual owned one or the other idol - he or she could be prevented from harm, misfortune, sickness, or - the idol was to bring him or her prosperity, health, fertility and etc. Therefore, it should be clear that the trade of idols was too, a flourishing business throughout the entire region and hence was also used for political and religious purposes, as well as for prestige.
Today the same is true for a Palestinian refugee living in London who placed a picture of the al-Aqsa Mosque in his house, or - with regards to a Moslem who placed the pictured word of Allah in his house, or - with regards to a carved statue of the Christ placed in the house of a British citizen who lives in the middle of Africa, or - with regards to a Menorah placed within a shop, house or synagogue of a Jewish citizen living in Europe, they all claim and insist that this gives them comfort and protection.
There is absolutely no harm in this believe as long as it's purpose is aimed for the good and above all enforces the believe into one mighty God for all as taught to us by Abraham, Ismail, Jesus and prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon them - then, it's their freedom to do so.
Let us return to the Kaabah. In Pre-Islamic times the Kaabah was also an international gathering point for merchants who passed through the Hijaz with their trade caravans.
While entering through the Meccan gate one first stopped to pay his respect and then set forth to go about his business, or took a short rest and or joined into discussions with other persons and followers who believed in one mighty God. But most important is the fact that at the time, everybody who believed in the mighty God had the right to enter the Kaabah. It is also true that in time of need the Kaabah was there to offer shelter and refuge to people in need.
Once again, at the time it did not matter who or from where the people came from - the Kaabah's duty was to help. One can but imagine how many persons arrived from all these distant countries and tribes to this holy house of God.
Logically this fact should also let us understand why there were so many different idols placed in and on the Kaabah. However, in early days these idols were merely a kind of gifts, an offering to the Kaabah, meant as a kind of thank you - while other persons might have left a sheep, salt, sugar or other goods for the Kaabah - well, whatever one wished to share.
Today, similar gestures are still practiced within churches - by people giving a little money and light a candle. According to scholars, the Kaabah's main idol was Hubal and that he was carved out of red agate.
Please note that this incident took place around years before the birth of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh. So, when Amr ibn Luh'ay entered with his caravan through the Meccan gate he naturally went first to the holy house of God in order to pay his respect and at the same time placed Hubal there.
This was a gift worthy of a king and at the time brought lots of pride and prestige to the Kaabah. But it is also possible to visualize that Amr ibn Luh'ay undertook this trip for two reasons. Firstly, to advanture for new trade possibilities and secondly, to use the occasion to visit Abraham's his forefather's birthplace. If this visit did in fact happen, then such an impressive trade caravan would not have remained unnoticed.
The local chieftains must have sent out for Amr ibn Luh'ay and ask him to come and join them. Once there, he most likely told them from where he had come from and why. When the chieftains learned of his noble descent they naturally would take him to see the temple of one of their most precious idols, Hubal. Let us remember that Hubal was said to have been carved out of red agate.
We also must be aware that at the time this kind of stone was rather rare but especially so when of large size and therefore most valuable. This is why an idol carved out in red agate was more than just an idol - it was their patrimoine. And with regards to the broken arm - well, perhaps it was the idol which was spared by Abraham from being destroyed!
Having the noble descendant and chieftain of the holy house of God amongst them, it could be possible that the local chieftains entrusted the chieftain Amr ibn Luh'ay to take Hubal and to place him in the Kaabah. Hence, an ancient patrimoine could remind the descendants of Abraham of their forefather's origin, while back in Mesopotamia, the local citizen were assured to be represented by Hubal within one of the most holy houses of God and further were automatically protected by the descendants of the kingdom of Hijaz as both were linked to Abraham.
He did so because the Kaabah turned to be used for business and monopoly rather than for education and worship. Once again the followers had distant themselves from the right path. They had abolished and forgotten the right ways of life. Therefore, prophet Muhammad pbuh went and did just as Abraham had done before him.
Through the Torah, the Bible and the Koran we are told of another similar matter which had taken place in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus - Jesus throwing out their businesses and their idols from within the holy house of God.
Abraham who went to the temple and destroyed all the idols except for one and afterwards had to leave his father's house, and prophet Muhammad pbuh who repeated the same at the Kaabah. A simple repeat of history or a warning from God!??? Some are inscribed in Sanskrit, some are even engraved with a cross, there are also various inscriptions on the walls in Aramaic, Greek, Latin, Arabic etc.!
Through this act prophet Muhammad pbuh liberated the people, so the people. He, the prophet Muhammad pbuh gave them freedom. Later, prophet Muhammad pbuh performed the Haj and ever since, every Moslem, women and men can perform and follow their Islamic religious call.
However, we must remember that in those particular times, as well as during the ten-thousands of years prior to Pre-Islamic times, people had idols.
Nowadays people collect idols for various purposes as for, research, knowledge, history, prestige, as well as to improve a better understanding between people of different cultural backgrounds. Here we invite you to see some of our idols. Some of them were sold in the past to museums, religious institutions as well as to private collectors. At first, the reader must be aware that in Section 1: IV were strictly forbidden by law Sharia.
Further, it was impossible for any artist to see a Sharif on his own. However, when a Foreign Delegations was received at the Sharifian Court, then such a delegation was sometimes accompanied by an artist, example: During such an occasions the accompanying artist had, but a brief glance at the Sharif from far distance. All of what the artist saw he had to absorb and memorise in his head as otherwise he would have taken an enormous risk by making a sketch on the spot.
The very same law was applicable for the minting of Islamic coins. But as the Sharifians were "exchanged" the rules started to change. Hence, today the portraits of the rulers are on the currencies and the portraits of the rulers are on display as well. This old established law on portraits was written with good intentions in order to prevent another kind of worship.
This rule however, opened the way for the future occupier to fabricate history. This drawing was made by a talented artist blessed with a photographic memory. Encyclopaedia of the Orient.
Histoire des conquestes de Mouley Archy, connu sous le nom de Roy de Tafilet, et de Mouley Ismaël ou Seméin, son frère, et son successeur à présent Regnant. Avec une carte du Païs In Gerhard Rohlfs - Gesammelte Werke: Gesandtschaften von und nach Marokko. Der Sultan erscheint auf einem schneeweissen, reich aufgeschirrten Hengst, das einemal hat er einen Litham Schleier vor, das anderemal ist er entschleiert.
Tangier American Legation Museum Society. Sidi Muhammad's eye problem. This was recorded by several Europeans in addition to American Thomas Barclay. Drawing by Colonel Maurice Bagenal St. For references by Mrs. Sharif Abderrahman ben Muhammad al-Aji. Further information still pending. Toulouse, Musée des Augustins.
Delacroix, paintings, and politics at the Salon of The country, is in a more wretched state of anarchy London, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Chapter 8 page Some of these 17th - 19th c.
For further references see: Edward Said - On Orientalism , Second: The other reason was a military one. As Europe's kingdoms were once again in a desperate need to put their hands on other countries wealth and belongings they had to create a propaganda of fear with drawings in order to convince their citizens to take-up the arms against the Sharifian rulers. Another way was in demonstrating- or use of military force. Through such acts of force Europeans let the Sharif understand that he was well advised by simply signing Europe's new trade agreements favourable to Europe or risk to be occupied.
Similar situations you still witness in the case of Palestine, Iraq, Africa and etc. He constructed his capital in the city of Meknes. During his 55 year reign, Jews were protected from violence. Daluin, par l'Empereur du Maroc à Rabat, dimanche le 4 décembre à 10 heures. Le tableau a été peint par le peintre Félix Augustin Milius, Tanger , size: And in the " Gibraltar Chronicle , December 12, we read: The Sultan is still here, and has now been visited by most of the Representatives of the European Powers who ordinarily reside at Tangier.
The Ministers and diplomatic agents of England, France, Spain, Italy and Belgium have made their appearance at the Sultan's Court, or we should rather say, his camp Nineteenth-century engraving showing the Sultan of Morocco receiving Sir Moses Montefiore in the courtyard of his palace at Marrakech. By Michael Palomino in: On matters regarding a decree dahir we received the following information: They simply stamped their seal which bears their name and the "prayer".
As for this original dahir - we been unable to locate its whereabouts! Sephardi And Middle Eastern Jewries. History and Culture in the Modern Era.
Schroeter and Joseph Chetrit , page The challenge to the dhimma system is best symbolized by the visit of Moses Montefiore to Morocco in Montefiore went to the court of Sultan Mawlay Abd ar-Rahman in Marrakech and through the backing of the British government Esquisse historique du tapis marocains: En , le Sultan Moulay Abderrahman envoie, avec un célèbre commerçant de Fès, à la deuxième exposition universelle de Paris, "tout ce qu'il y a de mieux Cet article est paru dans "Du signe à l'image" , le tapis marocain by Prof.
Ali Amahan; Edition Lak international; who told that he took this information from a book written by Prof. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The name menara derives from the pavillon with its small green pyramid roof menzeh. The pavillon was built during the 16th century Saadi dynasty and renovated in by Sultan Abderrahmane of Morocco, who used to stay here in summertime. The pavillon and the great water reservoir were built by Saadian Sultan Abd er Rahman in For further informations on how artists solved their problems in "Orient-Malerei" you may like to read the following article in:.
Professeur Pierre Rousseau confirme que tous ces portraits ont été réalisés durant le 20e siècle par V. Zveg et se trouvent au Palais Royal de Rabat. Ces tableaux figurent dans les livres de Daniel Eustache 3. All above reproduced so-called "Alawi Dynasty paintings" section 2 are belonging to a series of 20th century portraits made for the Mausoleum of Sidi Muhammad V, construction from: A copy of such a product or rather, a falsification of documents is: The very same fake was likewise used in Tanger: Porte entre Deux Mondes by Prof.
Jean-Louis Miège, a F-historian and expert in Moroccan history; b. Today, the artist name is known to be V. What a shameful thing to do! You, the historians, knowledgeable and highly regarded scholars and experts in Arabian history, religion, law and culture, are now educating your students and citizens that all these above forged portraits are the true portraits of the individual Sharif. Sidi Muhammad's eye problem was mentioned by several Europeans in addition to American Thomas Barclay.
Un chargé d'affaires au Maroc: La correspondence du consul Louis Chénier, Pierre Grillon, editor Paris, S. From a visage naturally long, and a distortion of one eye, united with an acqired habit of austerity, his appearance at first was rather disgusting to strangers; but that impression was soon worn off by the affability of his conversation.. Thomas Barclay in described the sultan's appearance as "He is of a middle Stature, inclining to fat, and has a remarkable cast in his right eye which looks blacker than the other".
Roberts and Richard S. This work first appeared in Hebrew in , an account of the author's four years in Morocco from It was translated by Yedida K.
Stillman and Norman A. His eyes are like burning torches, and his voice is powerful". We thank Priscilla H. Roberts for these references. Only, - why is there such an urgency in doing such a thing? Well, the answer to this question you may find within the following explanation: Granville enclosed the Queen's letter of accreditation, and Hay was instructed to present it to the Sultan as soon as convenient.
After his return to Tangier Drummond-Hay wrote to Lord Granville on 18 May , saying that during his visit to Court he had judged it wise to make friends with Sidi Moussa. Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Chapter 8 page Sidi Moussa was succeeded, when he died in , by his son Ba Ahmed ben Moussa.
Morocco since by C. Alawi Arabic are a sect akin to Shi'ite Islam in Syria. The Alawi are not to be confused with Alevi. The question of whether or not Alawi are Muslims is disputed. Alawites are a minority but they are politically powerful today.
The clan of the ruling Assad family is Alawi or Alawite and under their rule, the Alawi were legitimized officially as Muslims. Alawi were possibly originally Nusayriya, an off-shoot sect of Twelver Shiites that split off in the 9th century. The sect may have been organized by a follower of Ibn Nusayr's, al-Khasibi, who died in Aleppo in about Al-Tabarani, a grandson of al-Khasibi moved to Latakia on the Syrian coast. There he gathered a following and converted much of the local population.
Under the French mandate, Alawi and other minorities got autonomy and were accepted as colonial troops. Many Alawite chieftains opted for a separate Alawite nation and tried to convert their autonomy into independence. An Alawite territory was created in , and in May , the Government of Latakia was created.
It was incorporated into Syria on February 28, This has been a source of bitterness for Syrians and Alawites in particular. Zaki al-Arsuzi, a young Alawite leader from Antioch in Iskandrun later named the Hatay by the Turks who led the resistance to the annexation of Alexandretta to the Turks, later became one of the founders of the Ba'ath Party.
Alawite followers of Sulayman al-Murshid tried to resist integration. However, you should be aware that there is is a dispute as there are about many points as to whether the Alawi are or are not related to the Alevi in Turkey. About half the sources I have consulted are quite confident that they the same sect, and the other half are quite sure they are not. Sorry, Arte was unable to give us the right to publish these three photos.
Nonetheless, thanks to YouTube you can see the part mentioned here for yourself - see below. These three clips are from episode 1 of the French movie "Revivre" aka "Milch und Honig". Here we see and hear a group of Jewish-Moroccan citizens rehearsing their religious practises while some wear the red Tarboosh. Despicable war crimes were committed against my forefathers, the Sharifian Sultanate, in which Swiss military regiments actively participated in and this at least since Naturally, the Swiss government would not have involved herself without making sure that the government will benefit from this.
However, many many family members belonging to the Sharifian al-Aji's lost their lives because of this but this is especially true once the Alawi-Freemason's were put in power starting with Hasan I, in From this day on one tried not only to eliminate the Seed of the Noble Sharifian bloodline but rather tried to annul its very existence throughout history!
In all of this the Swiss government played an active role. All this was handled by a Swiss, designated by the Swiss government and the Tribunal Fédéral in Lausanne. But always in accordance and at the satisfaction of the French and Spaniards. Aus dem Nachlass des Prof.
For references on Dr. Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz, 4. Band, Güttingen-Mailand, Neuenburg Imagine the amazement by which the Swiss government must have been struck with when suddenly realizing that as of October 3, , they had the Seed of the Noble Sharifian al-Aji descendant residing within their own territory, along with his Swiss wife and his father by adoption the Hon.
He, my husband, had no knowledge of his descent! At first the daily live and business was moving on very well. However, this changed when my father-in-law had a routine check-up with one of his old Swiss doctors Urologist. As my husband had accompanied him he BYB informed my husband right away that he had been given an injection by his doctor.
Well, around 5 to 7 hours later my father-in-law was dead. This was also the last tim e my husband was permitted to see his father. But this is only one of many mysterious circumstances which happened from this day on. They were directed against my husband 's life, our business, our children and etc. Finally, ostr acized and unprotected we found ourselves in midst of a holocaust which was instigated against us by above mentioned groups.
They probably thought that through this we will resign due to despair and vanish without a trace. Besides, today the Sharif is well aware of all the war crimes which were committed directly or indirectly by these Swiss groups against his forefathers and, which since August 22, continued in the form of political persecution against himself, his wife and children as well as against our business.
Today the time has come to announce the truth loudly throughout the world of what the Swiss government had done and still continues to do to this day towards the descendant of the Noble Sharifian living in Switzerland.
Therefore, should there be a democratic country who genuinely believes in and respect international laws, equality, freedom and human right s - then this matter must be brought to justice. Therefore, all the new coming generations will be falling into the same traps as their parents and relatives have before them, if not educated and informed before agreeing on any foreign trade agreements or making any investments abroad especially within Switzerland and England. All what these organizations care for is - money!
They let you bring all your wealth, they let you invested all and let you continue to believe that you too, will receive the same rights of doing business, on educational levels, as your colleagues. However, this is not the case, soon you will find out that there is no government, no institutions and no law which can, nor which will help to protect you! You will find out that you are a total outsider, just belonging to a small minority which no one cares for, that is, "except your money of course" , and for whom no government employee nor lawyer will take the chance to burn his fingers for.
However, the Swiss banks which are connected and working with the government and by the way are also dealing in arts in general, - as you know, - let you understand - we have all the time to wait!
So, if you are not strong, if you do not believe in yourself and if you cannot continue to struggle for your legal rights, they will come and successfully take all your wealth away from you, but this time, with the blessing of the government law. Couchepin as well as the Swiss Federal Court in Lausanne, that Arabs are intelligent people too , and therefore should receive the same basic human rights as everybody else, but got nowhere!
Joined sharing of knowledge is essential to all human races and today more than ever, - an absolute must!
Only by respecting each human , by using good balance and by applying equal fairness , we can stop this type of terrorism. Without exception, every human - young and old - knows this and is perfectly able to make out the difference between right and wrong! Unfortunately, the big money powers prefer to continue to look the other side! Nonethless, the unanswered question remains: The answer is money!
The European govenrment needs money desperately! Therefore, they are looking for total control over minorities, like: When countries or people are broke, they are nothing more than cheap slave workers. Now, as European richness dwindles rapidly once again, they must look eagerly for alternatives.
They absolutely must get to the until now unexploited richness lying just under the surface of foreign countries. If this would be executed within equal fairness, nor harm would be done. Live and let people live has never hurt anyone. But unfortunately the big money power idea is only to take over and to manipulate everyone and everything!
Nevertheless, the result will be another years of poverty, if you still have a years , slave work, living in ghettos, famine, no high education of course and a never ending begging for food aid!
All this is the inevitable result of a population not being able to see, understand nor analyze their countries God given richness. Remains the last question to ask: Is or are the rulers of such countries educated enough to understand the maneuvers or outcome of such irrevocable agreements before causing their people a holocaust? If they are not sure of their doing then there is no shame in asking good peoples honest and wise advice - after all - a whole nations future is at stake. Wladimir Zveguintzoff , aka V.
Zveg was born in St. We received this information, Courtesy of Mme. Boulangé, Archives Nogent sur Marne. I can confirm that Wladimir Zveguintzoff is his full name. He uses the address at Nogent sur Marne until Often times, he would submit the completed paintings to the Naval Attaché in Paris for shipment to Washington, D.
In the letter dated December 22, Mr. I'll just have to interrupt this programme for the holiday season since I am - rather unexpectedly - invited by the King of Morocco to spend a few days with him at Rabat. Posted by Zveguintzoff in response to V. Zveg - Authored by his nephew. The first Swiss mercenaries in the service of Spain were hired in by the Catholic Kings, according to Fernando del Pulgar to fight in the war against the Muslim Kingdom of Granada.
These units were recruited by means of treaties called capitulations between the interested princes and the cantonal governments.
Spain only hired troops from Catholic cantons. Les plus anciens ra pports de la Suisse avec le Sultanat du Maroc remontent au temps du service mercenaire Suisse en Espagne. En , le régiment Nideröst combattit à Ceuta contre les Marocains. Les régiments Wirz , Bessler et Aregger au service de l'Espagne furent aussi engagés dans des campagnes contre le Sultan du Maroc. Despicable war crimes were committed against my forefathers and the Sharifian Sultanate, in which Swiss military regiments actively participated in and this at least since Very interesting correspondence about a Spanish debt which was owned to the British government just before Univ ersity of Nottingham: Ainsi, il a envoyée l'information de sa découverte au Drammund-Hay.
Et pendant que le Makhzen était occupé à ce moment là de régler ses différences avec l'Espagne, Die Geschichte der Eisenbahn in Marokko ist eng mit den Wechselfällen der internationalen Politik und der Kolonialgeschichte verknüpft. Erste schüchterne Versuche gab es schon , als eine 11 km lange Bahnstrecke Rio Martin und Tétouan verband, die zwei Jahre später aber schon wieder eingestellt wurde, nachdem England mit seinem ersten Kolonisierungsversuch gescheitert war.
Die aller erste, allerdings winzige Strecke 11 km wurde von den Spaniern gebaut , zwischen Rio Martin und Tetouan am Mittelmeer. Der Grund waren Truppentransporte nach der ersten Marokkanischen Kampagne Die Eisenbahn war zunächst ein Instrument kolonialer Ausbeutung - und da sich verschiedene Mächte darum bemühten, etablierten sie verschiedene Systeme. During his visit Haj Abderrahman al-Aji handed to Lord John Russell a long document which set forth in detail the Moroccan Government's view of the events which had led to the war with Spain , The Age of Palmerston and Russell, page Nonetheless, this was the official beginning of the Alawi Alaouite infiltration to the Moroccan throne which was successfully concluded through the help of the Zionists and the European elite.
The aime of the Zionists and European elite was to protect their financial interest over the Moroccan wealth. Various interviews made on Mr. Further, we received from Mr. Within an interview he also speaks of a well kept secret: Two Swiss doctors convinced King Sidi Mohammed V to undertake a minor nose correction which could be done within the palace. This was done on Pennell; Morocco, from Empire to Independence; page Hassan II announced Sidi Mohammed's death and immediately proclaimed himself king.
Shortly after that the Swiss-Moroccan relations improved once again which briefly went sour once the French returned King Sidi Mohammed from exile. Abdelilah Bouasria; Chercheur en politique, Wash.
Robert Assaraf, a Moroccan Jewish historian, Paris. Another subject on the web is a present. According to the story the King had no idea that the girl he just received was already pregnant with the future Hassan II. Further, El-Glaoui was a known French collaborator with his own political ambitions.
Monday, May 20, ; Who Is Boss? Nonetheless, this kind of rule created unrest within the country and questions arose on Hassan's legitimacy which left him with a serious problem as Hassan was not of Sharifian descent but now was in need to create his Sharifian descendence for the Moroccan citizens. Well, in Hassan and his secret helpers had the glorious idea to invite Mr.
The pretext was, to make a portrait of king Hassan II. However, after the dramatic events at the Skhirat Palace of July , Mr. Zveg had not only to paint the portrait of king Hassan II but noted:. Zveg had found himself within a situation where he had to do as he been told. Note the red Tarboosh.
Following are the portraits made by Mr. Until today Morocco remains at the mercy of Europe's elite and under Zionist control. Wir lassen uns für Werte entschädigen, welche Schweizer in der Kolonialzeit gestohlen haben.
Das ist ein Skandal und unmoralisch. On December 17, a new agreement between the Swiss Confederacy "Federal Council" and the "Kingdom of Morocco" over promotion and equal protection of investments was concluded.
You accuse me to quote rubbish within my website on matters regarding Zionism and Judaism in Morocco and how Spain-Morocco-Jerusalem by Sidney S. Further, I clearly mentioned that the innocent Jewish people have to suffer as much as the rest of us who have no ambitions to control the world.
Therefore, and in the future please do not provoke nor say that in one way or another I am against Jews in general. This is totally false!!! Third, regarding Sir Montefiore. For reference on Montefiore's Mogador connections see: Besides, Sir Montefiore was a Freemason, was politically very ambitious and in fact had his own interests along with his own political agenda.
It is true - sometimes the truth is very hard but if we do not accept of what our forefathers have done for good or bad and if we do not accept the truth then we will never find peace within our hearts. Therefore, sooner or later the truth will always end-up in a peaceful settlement. Forth, of course, and throughout all of our history, Christians, Muslims as well as Jews made lots of mistakes. Kindly accept this fact at least.
Please, just remain within the peaceful side. Fifth, about the ring: Engraved on the ring were two Hebrew words: To me, a possessor of everything is not equal to a SAGE - neither is selecting one kind over another going to bring a long overdue peace. Wednesday, October 21, 6: I have to response to the rubbish you said in your site about Zionism and Judaism in Morocco and how we the Jews want to control the world..
If you would only be not so lazy and I invite you to check information. Today it's very easy with Google. You will find out that the connection isn't the Jewish will to control every place on earth but it relates to Montefiores' activity to protect innocent Jewish people who brutally where tortured and accused for crimes they never performed.
If you where a real scholar you would read and learn about the ruler of DAMASCUS who got a trial for his accusing the Jews in a crime they never did and eventually he himself got hanged to death as a punishment for that act.
I wish you will discover the light of the true and not continue to live your life in the darkness of ignorance and evilness Sometime after the erased inscription was replaced by what we can read today. Leave belonging to al-Firuzabadi's Arabic-Arabic dictionary - al-Qamus. Kindly help spreading the news by forwarding this website to friends and colleagues. Moses Montefiore Italie, - Londres, Montefiore a expliqué, en regardant sa bague que les inscriptions hebreu sur cette derniere veut dire: Son portrait, entre la couronne de laurel, est.
Imaginez que tout cela était deja planifié depuis plus de ans. History on Swiss-Moroccan relations received by: Courtesy of Swiss Foreign Minister M. Special thanks also to: Edwards - Letters sent to League of Arab States. This description points up how weak our position is in Iraq. Time of Hassan I, Ref: La Douane marocaine à travers l'histoire.
Les régimes des Oumanas des douanes. Berber Jews of the Atlas Mountains, c. History of the Jews in Morocco. Oumana des douanes en exercice Spanische Fremdenlegionäre im Rif. Angehörige des Tercios - Spanische Fremdenlegion - während des Rifkrieges präsentieren stolz die Köpfe getöteter Kabylen.
Eine der üblichen Methoden, zu demonstrieren, dass man genau so schrecklich war wie der Gegner. Where is this document? Freimaurerlogen Zürich Lindenhof Geschlossene Gesellschaft , Part V al Aji. This state coach looks very similar to the one described by E.
Delacroix within his letter dated March 23, Above painting is dated The red Tarboosh , symbol of the Alawites, appeared with Hassan I. Sidi Mohamed VI, wearing the red Tarboosh. The Alawite, Sidi Mhd. This is why V. Zveg was ordered to create all these fake Sharifian portraits by adding them a red Tarboosh. Sidi Mohamed VI, as seen on the day of Eid. Sir Montefiore, a Sephard and a Freemason. La Courtésie de Madame E. Autres Suisse au Maroc: Sir John Drummond - Hay.
Sir John été un consul general britannique au Maroc de à Son père, Edward William, de à Sir John était un des plus grands manipulateurs dans le Sultanat. Abdessadeq el-Glaoui, un autre fils du Glaoui. Thami el-Glaoui , le pacha de Marrakech, Un collaborateur fidèle des Français qui se sont servi de ses propres ambitions politique.
C'est lui le père de Hassan II. The one who loves the beauty of Ra while his titulary is: Ay which is equal to: Min as a lunar deity was sometimes given the title: Why would a Pharaoh give his daughter to Abraham? Ismail in Hijaz The Torah, the Bible and the Koran tell us that Abraham returned to the Hijaz in order to help Ismail restore an ancient sanctuary which he had found within his new Kingdom. The treasures which they were hiding inside had been stolen so the Quraish wanted to rebuild it.
High Priest, father of the God meaning: Religious Traditions and Circumcisions of the Pharaohs Just when and why circumcision was first practiced in the ancient Near East is not known, but it was widely attested in antiquity. One of the last holders of the Kaabah before Islam was Amr ibn Hicham , better known by his nickname as: Imam Within the early years of Islam and after we found many Aji descendants throughout the world.
Hubal, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Around A. Sharif My forefathers saga, the holders of the title al Aji began with Idris and continued with his son the founder of Fès.
Bab al-Mansour La'al'aj Photo taken by Mr. Tan-Tan Morocco and dates from around ' - ' B. Lutz Fiedler, Marburg Published in: Model of a terracotta shrine, ca. A Reminder In A. They had abolished and forgotten the right ways of life they have forgotten God's law. Sultan Sidi Muhamad ben Abdallah. Le vieux Mogador au debut du siècle dernier par: Hasan I, as Sultan and Freemason. Hafid, as Sultan and Freemason.
For references by Priscilla H. Roberts please see below. Hasan I on horseback. Grand Vizir Ba Ahmed ben Moussa is stg. Ba Ahmed - d'un père noire venu d'Afrique noire, et d'une mère juive, c'est-à-dire, selon la tradition sioniste, un vrai juif - n'était ni politicien local ni un homme d'état marocain.
Death of Hassan I, June 7, Encyclopedia of the Middle East. Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Oberst Armin Müller, - Aus: Ein Schweizer Oberst im Reich des Sultans Remarks Various interviews made on Mr.
Zveg had not only to paint the portrait of king Hassan II but noted: It's a miracle it wasn't erased as in Meknes. Le possesseur de tout Depuis , la Suisse était impliquée dans toutes les affaires importantes du Maroc. Alaji Abderrahman ben Mohammad ben. Tout cela était pour: Microfilms Rolf Ackermann, pg. The first and second time at the time of Adam. This is how it looked after it was constructed by the prophet Abraham and Ismail pbuh which remained like this until it was rebuilt by the Quraish the clan that lived in the area before the mission of the prophet Muhammad pbuh.
Sold to Musée d'Art et d'Histoire. Cherif Muley Rashid al-Aji. L'illustre et magnifique Cherif Muley Arxid. Print made by Nicolas de Larmessin, died Drawing by Francisco de Miranda.
At the age of 24 Miranda was fighting with the Spanish troops defending Melilla in , when one day he looked out over the battlements and saw with his own eyes the Sultan sitting in front of his tent directing his troops.
Imsges: site de rencontre zemzem
Peut-on partir si le couple est marié religieusement et non civilement? I, Paris ; in Arabic see: Tomb at Saqqara, 6th dynasty, B.
Alawites are a minority but they are politically powerful today.
Roberts for these references. Abdelaziz of Morocco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Toulouse, Musée des Augustins Ref: Notre école souffre beaucoup de la pollution!!! Il ne dispute que six matchs et ne parvient pas à marquer.
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